PublicationsAfrican American English

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Books

Poplack, Shana (ed.)

Poplack, Shana (ed.). 2000. The English history of African American English. Oxford: Blackwell Publishers.

Poplack, Shana & Sali Tagliamonte

Poplack, Shana & Sali Tagliamonte. 2001. African American English in the Diaspora. Oxford: Basil Blackwell.

Articles and Chapters

Harvie, Dawn

Harvie, Dawn. 1998. Null subject in English. Cahiers linguistiques d’Ottawa 26. 15-25.

Howe, Darin

Howe, Darin. 1997. Negation and the history of African American English. Language Variation and Change 9, 2. 267-294.

Howe, Darin & James A. Walker

Howe, Darin & James A. Walker. 2000. Negation and the creole-origins hypothesis: evidence from early African American English. In The English history of African American English, ed. by S. Poplack, 109-140. Oxford & Malden: Blackwell Publishers.

Poplack, Shana

Poplack, Shana. 2000. Introduction. In The English history of African American English, ed. by S. Poplack, 1-31. Oxford: Blackwell Publishers.

Poplack, Shana. 2006. How English became African American English. In The handbook of the history of English (paperback edition of book), ed. by A. van Kemenade & B. Los, 452-476. Oxford: Blackwell.

Reprinted in: The handbook of the history of English, ed. by A. van Kemenade & B. Los, 452-476. Oxford: Blackwell. 2009.

Reprinted in: Language Variation and Change (Critical Concepts in Linguistics), Volume 2: Issues and Debates in the Study of Variation, ed. by R. Bayley & R. Cameron, 263-286. Routledge. 2014.

Poplack, Shana & David Sankoff

Poplack, Shana & David Sankoff. 1987. The Philadelphia Story in the Spanish Caribbean. American Speech 62, 4. 291-314.

Poplack, Shana & Sali Tagliamonte

Poplack, Shana & Sali Tagliamonte. 1989. There’s no tense like the present: verbal -s inflection in Early Black English. Language Variation and Change 1, 1. 47-84.

Reprinted in: York Papers in Linguistics 13. 237-278. 1989.

Reprinted in: The emergence of Black English: Text and commentary, ed. by G. Bailey et al., 275-324. Amsterdam: Benjamins. 1991.

Poplack, Shana & Sali Tagliamonte. 1991. African American English in the diaspora: evidence from old-line Nova Scotians. Language Variation and Change 3, 3. 301-339.

Reprinted in: Varieties of English around the world: Focus on Canada, ed. by S. Clarke, 109-150. Amsterdam/Philadelphia: Benjamins. 1993.

Poplack, Shana & Sali Tagliamonte. 1994. -S or nothing: marking the plural in the African American diaspora. American Speech 69, 3. 227-259.

Poplack, Shana & Sali Tagliamonte. 1996. Nothing in context: variation, grammaticization and past time marking in Nigerian Pidgin English. In Changing meanings, changing functions. Papers relating to grammaticalization in contact languages, ed. by P. Baker & A. Syea, 71-94. Westminster, UK: University Press.

Reprinted in: Cuadernos de Filología Inglesa 8, 1 (Special Issue on Variation and Linguistic Change in English: Diachronic and Synchronic Studies), ed. by J. C. Conde-Silvestre & J. M. Hernandez-Campoy, 193-217. Murcia: Servicio de publicaciones de la Universidad de Murcia. 1999.

Poplack, Shana & Sali Tagliamonte. 2000. The grammaticization of going to in (African American) English. Language Variation and Change 11, 3. 315-342.

Poplack, Shana & Sali Tagliamonte. 2004. Back to the present: verbal -s in the (African American) English diaspora. In The legacy of non-standard colonial English: the study of transported dialects, ed. by R. Hickey, 203-223. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Poplack, Shana & Sali Tagliamonte. 2010. African Nova Scotian English in an enclave. In Canadian English: A Linguistic Reader, ed. by E. Gold & J. McAlpine, 146-154. Kingston: Strathy Language Unit, Queen’s University.

Poplack, Shana, Sali Tagliamonte & Ejike Eze

Poplack, Shana, Sali Tagliamonte & Ejike Eze. 2000. Reconstructing the source of Early African American English plural marking: a comparative study of English and creole. In The English history of African American English, ed. by S. Poplack, 73-105. Oxford & Malden: Blackwell Publishers.

Poplack, Shana & Rena Torres Cacoullos

Poplack, Shana & Rena Torres Cacoullos. 2015. Linguistic emergence on the ground: A variationist paradigm. In The Handbook of Language Emergence, ed. by B. MacWhinney & W. O’Grady, 267-291. Wiley-Blackwell.

Poplack, Shana, Gerard Van Herk & Dawn Harvie

Poplack, Shana, Gerard Van Herk & Dawn Harvie. 2002. “Deformed in the dialects”: an alternative history of non-standard English. In Alternative histories of English, ed. by P. Trudgill & D. Watts, 87-110. London: Routledge.

Reprinted as: Variability in invariant grammars: the Ottawa grammar resource on early variability in English. Penn Working Papers in Linguistics 8, 3. 223-234. 2002.

Tagliamonte, Sali

Tagliamonte, Sali. 1996. Has it ever been PERFECT? Uncovering the grammar of early Black English. York Papers in Linguistics 17. 351-396.

Tagliamonte, Sali. 1997. Obsolescence in the English perfect? Evidence from Samaná English. American Speech 72, 1. 33-68.

Tagliamonte, Sali. 2000. The story of KOM in Nigerian Pidgin English. In Theoretical Issues in Pidgin and Creole Studies, ed. by J. McWhorter, 353-382. Amsterdam & Philadelphia: John Benjamins.

Tagliamonte, Sali. 2000. The grammaticalisation of the PRESENT PERFECT: tracks of change and continuity in a linguistic enclave. In Pathways of change - grammaticalization in English, ed. by O. Fischer, A. Rosenback & D. Stein, 329-354. Amsterdam & Philadelphia: John Benjamins.

Tagliamonte, Sali & Shana Poplack

Tagliamonte, Sali & Shana Poplack. 1988. How Black English past got to the present: evidence from Samaná. Language in Society 17, 4. 513-533.

Tagliamonte, Sali & Shana Poplack. 1993. The zero-marked verb: testing the creole hypothesis. Journal of Pidgin and Creole Languages 8, 2. 171-206.

Tagliamonte, Sali, Shana Poplack & Ejike Eze

Tagliamonte, Sali, Shana Poplack & Ejike Eze. 1997. Plural marking patterns in Nigerian Pidgin English. Journal of Pidgin and Creole Languages 12, 1. 103-129.

Tagliamonte, Sali & Jennifer Smith

Tagliamonte, Sali & Jennifer Smith. 1998. Roots of English in the African American diaspora? Links & Letters 5, 5 (Englishes). 147-165.

Tagliamonte, Sali & Jennifer Smith. 1999. Analogical levelling in Samaná English: the case of was and were. Journal of English Linguistics 27, 1. 8-16.

Tagliamonte, Sali & Jennifer Smith. 2000. Old was; new ecology: viewing English through the sociolinguistic filter. In The English history of African American English, ed. by S. Poplack, 141-171. Oxford: Blackwell Publishers.

Tottie, Gunnel & Dawn Harvie

Tottie, Gunnel & Dawn Harvie. 2000. It’s all relative: relativization strategies in early African American English. In The English history of African American English, ed. by S. Poplack, 198-230. Oxford: Blackwell Publishers.

Van Herk, Gerard

Van Herk, Gerard. 1998. Auxiliary verbs in early African American Vernacular English questions: non-inversion, deletion, and inherent variability. In CLA Annual Conference Proceedings 1998, ed. by J. Jensen & G. Van Herk, 421-430. Ottawa: Department of Linguistics, University of Ottawa.

Van Herk, Gerard. 1998. Inversion in Samaná English question formation. Cahiers linguistiques d’Ottawa 26. 71-83.

Van Herk, Gerard. 2000. The question question: auxiliary inversion in early African American English. In The English history of African American English, ed. by S. Poplack, 175-197. Oxford: Blackwell Publishers.

Van Herk, Gerard. 2001. Barbadian lects: beyond meso. In Englishes of the Eastern Caribbean, ed. by M. Aceto & J. Williams, 241-264. Amsterdam: John Benjamins.

Van Herk, Gerard. 2008. Letter perfect: the present perfect in early African American correspondence. English World-Wide 29, 1. 45-69.

Van Herk, Gerard & Shana Poplack

Van Herk, Gerard & Shana Poplack. 2003. Rewriting the past: Bare verbs in the Ottawa Repository of Early African American Correspondence. Journal of Pidgin and Creole Languages 18, 2. 231-266.

Van Herk, Gerard & James A. Walker

Van Herk, Gerard & James A. Walker. 2005. S marks the spot? Regional variation and early African American correspondence. Language Variation and Change 17, 2. 113-131.

Walker, James A.

Walker, James A. 1998. Rephrasing the copula: contracted and zero copula in African Nova Scotian English. Cahiers linguistiques d’Ottawa 26. 85-97.

Walker, James A. 2000. Rephrasing the copula: contraction and zero in early African American English. In The English history of African American English, ed. by S. Poplack, 35-72. Oxford: Blackwell Publishers.

Walker, James A. 2001. Using the past to explain the present: tense and temporal reference in Early African American English. Language Variation and Change 13, 1. 1-35.

Walker, James A. 2005. The ain’t constraint: not-contraction in Early African American English. Language Variation and Change 17, 1. 1-17.